SAMPLE REPORT 1
Task 1: The picture below shows a hot balloon works.
The picture below shows a hot balloon works. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features.
The diagram illustrates (show, demonstrate) the working of a hot air balloon.
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Overall (in general), it seems clear that the envelope is the largest part of the total area. In addition (Furthermore), the diagram indicates (reveals, demonstrates) that propane is the fuel that is used to produce the hot air.
At the base of the hot air balloon, a propane cylinder is located in (established at) the basket. The propane then mixes with air in the burner, producing (giving) a flame to heat the air. Next, the hot air begins to rise inside the envelope, which makes the balloon rise from the ground, as (because) the hot air is lighter than the cool air in the atmosphere. Ropes are shown securing the basket section to the skirt of the envelope.
In addition to (beside) the skirt at the base of the envelope, gores and panels are also an important part of the envelope section. A parachute valve at the top of the envelope is a self-sealing flap. This allows the pilot of the balloon to control the rate at which the hot air can escape.
Academic IELTS Writing Task 1: The diagram shows the small-scale production of smoked fish
The flow-chart (diagram) illustrates (shows, displays) the small-scale process of smoking fish in various (different) stages.
Overall, it can be seen that the process has 8 different stages, starting with preparing fish and ending with the delivery of the smoked fish.
First, the fish has to be prepared well with a knife to remove the scales (small hard flat pieces of fish’s skin), and prepared ready for the production process, before being put (placed, stored) in a container of salt water in 30 minutes. After that, they are cooked for 5 minutes in hot salted water, before being ready for the smoking process.
The process of smoking starts with putting the fish in a vat which is covered with wood to prevent the smoke from escaping. After 30 minutes of smoking, the fish are ready for the next stage to color the fish yellow. Finally, the smoked fish are then packed in closed containers, and transported in a truck to where they will be sold.
Task 1: The flow chart below shows the procedure to get a driving license in the US.
The flow chart below shows the procedure to get a driving license in the US. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
The flow chart illustrates (shows, demonstrates) the necessary steps to gain (get, obtain) a US driving license.
The first step is going to the driving license centre where you have to fill in the forms before taking an eyesight test. No license can be given to those who fail this basic test. Those that pass the eyesight test must then pay the fees to take a written exam. If the drivers fail the exam, they have to retake it. If they pass, then they can take the road exam. Some people keep failing the written test, so they sit it again nd, once more, if they manage to do it, they can do the road exam. In case they fail the written exam for the third time, they must pay fees before retaking the written exam once more. Others who pass the written exam in the first time can take the road exam immediately.
Finally, people who pass the road exam will be able to get the driving license, while those that fail the test must pay fees again to be able to retake both the written and road exams. (190 words)
Task 1: The diagram below shows the process of generating electricity from coal.
The diagram below shows the process of generating electricity from coal. Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
The diagram/flow chart illustrates/shows/demonstrates how electricity is produced (generated) from coal.
Overall, the process has a total of nine different stages from supplying coal to the ash disposal.
First, the coal supply system provides coal and pours it into a pulverizer which is a machine used to break the coal into powder. Then, the powder is burned in a boiler to produce steam, while the dust from pulverizing coal is collected in a stack for emission. After that, steam from the boiler enters a tube connecting with a turbine which is driven by the steam and helps to spin a generator in order to create electricity in the transformer/substation.
Ash created when burning the coal is collected from the boiler, and ready for disposal. The steam used to drive the turbine is cooled, and it goes through a condenser and back into water using a cooling system. Then, the water is returned to the boiler and the process starts again.
SAMPLE ANSWER 5
Task 1: The diagram below shows the development of cutting tools in the Stone Age.
The diagram below shows the development of cutting tools in the Stone Age. Summarize the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
The diagram illustrates/shows/ demonstrates how the cutting tools/instruments/equipment used during the Stone Age between 1.4 million and 0.8 million years ago.
Overall, it is clear/obvious/can be seen clearly that Tool B which derives from (=originates from) 0.8 million years ago is way (very) sharper and better-shaped than Tool A from 1.4 million years ago. Besides, the cutting tool has increased in effectiveness and size over a period of 0.6 million years.
The front view reveals/shows that the edges of Tool A are rough, revealing its more earlier stage of development. Meanwhile (whereas), Tool A is comparatively/relatively primitive (at a very simple stage of development), therefore, Tool B are clearly way more effective to cut different things in daily life.
Another difference between these tools is shown in the side view diagram. Tool A is irregular, while Tool B has a regular, flattened shape. Therefore, tool B is more suitable to cut objects cleanly and sharply. Finally, the back view are most clearly that Tool A is not only rougher, but is also smaller than Tool B.
The pictures illustrate/demonstrates the evolution (development) of the horse, with the main change in foot structure over a 40 million-year period.
Overall, four development stages are shown in the diagram, beginning with Eohippus and ending with the development of the modern horse.
The first horse, Eohippus existed 40 million years ago, and was comparatively small with a short tail. The most significant characteristic was the structure of its foot with 4 relatively small digits. After10 million years, it evolved into the larger Mesohippus, with a foot structure of 3 digits and a longer tail.
Then, the next development of horse was Merychippus from 15 million years ago. It was a similar size to Mesohippus, but the feet had 3 digits which were way bigger than it ancestors.
Finally, the modern horse are totally different from its predecessors. It is comparatively bigger with a large mane and digit.
Total 147 words
Task 1: Life Cycle of the Silkworm
The picture illustrates/demonstrates a plenty of stages in the life of a silkworm.
Overall, there are 4 main stages in the life cycle of the silkworm, from the first step of laying of eggs to the final stage as an adult moth.
At the first stage of the silkworm’s growth, eggs are laid by an adult moth on a leaf. After approximately (about) 10 days, the silkworm larvae come out (appear) from the eggs and start to feed on the mulberry leaves. Then, during the next 4 to 6 weeks, the larvae become covered in silk thread.
Next, once after the larvae are completely/fully covered in the silk thread, it takes between 3 and 8 days for a cocoon to be formed. At the final stage, the adult moth emerges from the cocoon after 16 days. A new life cycle of the silkworm begins again after that.
SAMPLE ANSWER 8
The picture/diagram illustrates/shows/demonstrates the stages in the life of a honey bee.
Overall, the complete life cycle of a honey bee takes from 34 to 36 days with 5 main stages, beginning with the laying of eggs and ending with the mature adult honey bee.
At the first stage, each adult female bee can lay 1 or 2 eggs every 3 days. After 9 to 10 days, these eggs hatch and immature bees – known as nymphs – are born. Then, as these nymphs develop and grow larger in size, they moult 3 times, after approximately 5 days, 7 days and 9 days.
Next, when the final moult is fully done/completed, the young adult honey bee emerges. So, it takes about 30 days since the eggs were first laid. At the final stage, the young adult honey bee takes another 4 days to turn into a fully mature bee. At this point, the female bee lays eggs and the cycle will begin again.
SAMPLE ANSWER 9
The picture/diagram/flow chart illustrates/demonstrates the different stages in the life of a salmon.
Overall, there are 5 significant stages in the life cycle of a salmon, beginning with spawning, and ending with the adult salmon.
At the first stage, the adult salmon produces eggs. Then, during a period of incubation, the eggs are kept warm so that the can come out in the next stage. The young fish undergo a period of rearing at the third stage. They spend a part of the time in the river where the eggs are laid, and other time in an estuary, where the river and ocean meet.
Next, the salmon migrate to the ocean, where they continue to grow and mature for a period, in areas where this continuation of the rearing process takes place. At the final stage, when the fish have grown and become mature, they are ready to migrate to spawning areas. The whole cycle is then ready to begin again.
SAMPLE ANSWER 10
The picture/diagram/flow chart illustrates/demonstrates the various stages in the life of a Monarch Butterfly.
Overall, there are 6 stages in the growth of a Monarch Butterfly, beginning with the laying of eggs and ending with the adult butterfly.
At the first stage, the Monarch Butterfly lays eggs on the leaves, followed by the emergence of a larva or caterpillar from the egg. The next stage is a period when the larva continues feeding, and then attaches itself to the plant.
The fourth stage takes place when the larva is turned into a chrysalis (a moth/ butterfly at the stage of development when it is covered by a hard case), which is attached to the leaf of the plant. Inside the chrysalis, further changes take place. Then, a fully- formed butterfly emerges from the chrysalis, and begins to feed on the nectar of flowers. Finally, a new generation of adult butterfly continues to lay eggs and the life cycle will start again.