IELTS Writing Task 2 Question
Every country has poor people, and every country has different ways of dealing with the poor and poverty. What are some of the reasons for world poverty? What can be done to assist the poor?
Confucius said, “Poverty and the poor can be found all over the world (all corners of the world, around the world)
.” The lack of basic goods and services and food and shelter (a place where people are protected from danger or bad weather) make their lives miserable (extremely unhappy or uncomfortable). Overpopulation (a place where has too many people living in it) and underdevelopment (the fact of that a country or region is poor and does not have advanced technology and modern industries) will be discussed as reasons for poverty, and educational (schooling) programs will be presented as a way to assist the poor. (51 words)
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First, overpopulation has been seen (identified) as one of the main reasons for poverty all over the world. For example, China and Africa have had exceptionally (extremely) high population growth rates for many decades. The former has taken the harsh (drastic) measure of the “one-child policy” to change the situation, but the latter has not made any difference yet.
Second, underdevelopment is another major reason. Many countries do not have sufficient (enough) economic growth to support their growing populations. These countries often go to war with their neighbors to settle disputes (arguments) over the few (limited) resources in their region, causing further hardship and misery to the people involved. When natural disasters like droughts occur, the situation worsens. A recent example is the ongoing drought (a long period of time when there is no rain and crops die) in Ethiopia.
Lastly, educating people about the advantages of family planning and training them to become self-sufficient (able to provide everything that you need by yourself) have proved to reduce poverty. For example, in Africa, the perception is that large families are an investment for one’s old age. In addition, using the available land to support your family is a skill that has to be acquired. (176 words)
In this essay, I looked at overpopulation and underdevelopment as reasons for poverty and education as one solution to the problem. We should accept that the solutions would require much time, effort, and money. (34 words)
(Total words: 261)
In this essay, I have seen that without overpopulation and underdevelopment, poverty is not easily found. I have looked at education as one solution to the problem. We should accept that the solutions would require much time, effort, and money.